nghttp2.org

HTTP/2 C library and tools

Nghttp2 v1.59.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.59.0.

lib

This release adds API to get and parse RFC 9218 priority.

nghttp2_select_next_protocol() has been deprecated. Use nghttp2_select_alpn() instead.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • libbpf

h2load

h2load now considers all h2 HEADERS when counting bytes and recording TTFB.

This release fixes the bug that TTFB is not recorded if h3 stream has no data.

h2load now ignores 1xx status code.

IPv6 address is now enclosed by square brackets when set in :authority header field.

nghttpx

This release adds SSL_CTX_set_recv_max_early_data() call which OpenSSL requires.

__FILE_NAME__ macro is preferred if available.

nghttpx now propagates stream priority from backend to frontend.

This release fixes the bug that nghttpx sends QUIC RESET_STREAM when it receives RESET_STREAM from client.

src

This release drops old OpenSSL (< 1.1.1) support.

Now bundled applications can be built with aws-lc.

Nghttp2 v1.58.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.58.0.

lib

This release fixes build issues with cygwin and mingw.

build

This release speeds up warning option detection with cmake.

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • nghttp3

third-party

neverbleed has been updated.

nghttpx

This release introduces stricter transfer-encoding checks.

integration

Enable http3 test with cmake.

Nghttp2 v1.57.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.57.0.

This release includes security advisory.

Security Advisory

CVE-2023-44487: HTTP/2 Rapid Reset

For more information, read the security advisory.

lib

This release has a fix to mitigate CVE-2023-44487: HTTP/2 Rapid Reset. It has reasonable amount of default budgets for incoming RST_STREAM frames. Application can tune the rate limit by using nghttp2_option_set_stream_reset_rate_limit. It can also implement its own rate limit by implementing nghttp2_on_frame_recv_callback and check RST_STREAM frame.

nghttpx

This release fixes the bug that --single-process does not work. It also fixes the bug that TLS connection is not rate limited.

Nghttp2 v1.56.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.56.0.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • nghttp3
  • BoringSSL
  • quictls
  • libbpf

third-party

llhttp has been updated.

nghttpx

Rework is done in functions that send ECN bits.

--frontend-quic-congestion-controller=bbr2 has been renamed to --frontend-quic-congestion-controller=bbrv2.

nghttpx, h2load

Fix issue that CMSG_DATA does not necessarily return an aligned pointer.

Nghttp2 v1.55.1

We have released nghttp2 v1.55.1.

This release includes security advisory.

Security Advisory

CVE-2023-35945: HTTP/2 memory leak in nghttp2 codec

For more information, read the security advisory.

This CVE was filed by envoyproxy/envoy project, and has already been made public, and we did not take usual security procedure. See below why.

lib

This release fixes memory leak that happens when PUSH_PROMISE or HEADERS frame cannot be sent, and nghttp2_on_stream_close_callback fails with a fatal error. For example, if GOAWAY frame has been received, a HEADERS frame that opens new stream cannot be sent.

This issue has already been made public via CVE-2023-35945 issued by envoyproxy/envoy project. During embargo period, the patch to fix this bug was accidentally submitted to nghttp2/nghttp2 repository. And they decided to disclose CVE early. I was notified just 1.5 hours before disclosure. I had no time to respond.

PoC described in CVE is quite simple, but I think it is not enough to trigger this bug. While it is true that receiving GOAWAY prevents a client from opening new stream, and nghttp2 enters error handling branch, in order to cause the memory leak, nghttp2_session_close_stream function must return a fatal error. nghttp2 defines 2 fatal error codes:

  • NGHTTP2_ERR_NOMEM
  • NGHTTP2_ERR_CALLBACK_FAILURE

NGHTTP2_ERR_NOMEM, as its name suggests, indicates out of memory. It is unlikely that a process gets short of memory with this simple PoC scenario unless application does something memory heavy processing.

NGHTTP2_ERR_CALLBACK_FAILURE is returned from application defined callback function (nghttp2_on_stream_close_callback, in this case), which indicates something fatal happened inside a callback, and a connection must be closed immediately without any further action. As nghttp2_on_stream_close_error_callback documentation says, any error code other than 0 or NGHTTP2_ERR_CALLBACK_FAILURE is treated as fatal error code. More specifically, it is treated as if NGHTTP2_ERR_CALLBACK_FAILURE is returned. I guess that envoy returns NGHTTP2_ERR_CALLBACK_FAILURE or other error code which is translated into NGHTTP2_ERR_CALLBACK_FAILURE.

Nghttp2 v1.55.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.55.0.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • nghttp3
  • BoringSSL

This release fixes build error without libev.

third-party

llhttp has been updated.

Cross-compiling mruby is now supported.

nghttpx

UDP_GRO is enabled for QUIC socket.

The initial QUIC packet number is now randomized.

h2load

UDP_GRO is enabled for QUIC socket.

Nghttp2 v1.54.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.54.0.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • nghttp3
  • OpenSSL(quictls)
  • BoringSSL
  • libbpf

h2load

This release fixes HTTP/3 upload stall bug.

Nghttp2 v1.53.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.53.0.

lib

libnghttp2 uses ngtcp2/sfparse to parse Structured Field Values.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • nghttp3
  • OpenSSL(quictls)
  • BoringSSL

third-party

Bumped mruby to 3.2.0.

nghttpx

nghttpx now sends NEW_TOKEN on path change.

This release fixes numeric hostname verification in peer certificate.

When quitting, nghttpx now waits for all worker processes to stop. Previously, we just exit the event loop when the last process exits. But the because of the bug, it does not work as intended.

nghttpx logs a correct PID on fork.

nghttpx now waits for new worker process to be ready before sending graceful shutdown event to the existing worker processes to avoid down time during configuration reload.

Fixes the bug that causes 400 response after HTTP upgrade failure.

Nghttp2 v1.52.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.52.0.

doc

sphinx_rtd_theme has been removed from the repository and archive.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • ngtcp2
  • nghttp3
  • OpenSSL(quictls)
  • BoringSSL
  • libbpf

CMake build now checks core and extra components to find libevent.

python

The deprecated Python bindings has been removed.

libnghttp2_asio

The deprecated libnghttp2_asio has been removed.

third-party

llhttp and neverbleed have been updated.

nghttpx

This release fixes the bug that stalls TLS connection.

integration

This release adds more http3 integration tests.

Nghttp2 v1.51.0

We have released nghttp2 v1.51.0.

lib

This release adds casts to silence implicit conversion warnings for windows build.

doc

Updated packages described in README based on Ubuntu 22.04.

Android documentation has been updated.

build

The following dependencies have been updated:

  • Android NDK
  • libbpf
  • OpenSSL
  • ngtcp2

Python bindings are now disabled by default because it has been deprecated.

third-party

llhttp has been updated.

nghttpx

This release fixes affinity-cookie-stickiness parameter handling.

integration

This release adds http3 integration test.